Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
Member Login    News    Support our Projects    Photos    Event Calendar        
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg

Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg




Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
2017 Honorary Albert Z. Conner NMPS Intern

At our January 25, 2017, Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg meeting, John Hennessy, Chief...
Read More

Register for News Story Emails.
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
 
Site Navigation: Expand

>  Home Page
>  About Us

>  Archives

>  Membership

>  NMPS

>  Resources

>  Contacts

Feb 24 2021 Matthew Fontaine Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury lived an extraordinary life.  What were his contributions to the Confederacy?  The sciences? What was his connection to Fredericksburg, VA?  These questions and many more will be addressed by our February guest speaker, John Grady. 

John Grady, a managing editor of Navy Times for more than eight years and retired communications director of the Association of the United States Army after 17 years, continues writing on national security and defense.  He is a contributor to the Naval History and Heritage Command's Civil War blog and lives in Fairfax, Virginia.  His book, "Matthew Fontaine Maury, Father of Oceanography: A Biography, 1806-1873", was published in January 2015.

Matthew Fontaine Maury (January 14, 1806 – February 1, 1873) was an American astronomer, naval officer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator.

He was nicknamed "Pathfinder of the Seas" and "Father of Modern Oceanography and Naval Meteorology" and later, "Scientist of the Seas" for his extensive works in his books, especially The Physical Geography of the Sea (1855), the first such extensive and comprehensive book on oceanography to be published. Maury made many important new contributions to charting winds and ocean currents, including ocean lanes for passing ships at sea.

In 1825, at 19, Maury obtained, through US Representative Sam Houston, a midshipman's warrant in the United States Navy. As a midshipman on board the frigate USS Brandywine, he almost immediately began to study the seas and record methods of navigation. When a leg injury left him unfit for sea duty, Maury devoted his time to the study of navigation, meteorology, winds, and currents. He became Superintendent of the United States Naval Observatory and head of the Depot of Charts and Instruments. There, Maury studied thousands of ships' logs and charts. He published the Wind and Current Chart of the North Atlantic, which showed sailors how to use the ocean's currents and winds to their advantage, drastically reducing the length of ocean voyages. Maury's uniform system of recording oceanographic data was adopted by navies and merchant marines around the world and was used to develop charts for all the major trade routes.

With the outbreak of the American Civil War, Maury, a Virginian, resigned his commission as a US Navy commander and joined the Confederacy. He spent the war in the South as well as abroad, in Great Britain, Ireland, and France. He helped acquire a ship, CSS Georgia, for the Confederacy while he also advocated stopping the war in America among several European nations. Following the war, Maury accepted a teaching position at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia. He died at the institute in 1873, after he had completed an exhausting state-to-state lecture tour on national and international weather forecasting on land. He had also completed his book, Geological Survey of Virginia, and a new series of geography for young people.

Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg
Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg

· Copyright ©2021 Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg P.O. Box 491 Fredericksburg VA 22404 ·
· Contact Civil War Round Table of Fredericksburg · Editorial and Privacy Policies · Webmaster · Browser and Email Settings ·